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why is body composition important in physical fitness

why is body composition important in physical fitness

More important, rather than tracking weight, we should be aware of our body composition. Mechanically, excessive body fat puts undue stress on the joints which speeds up degradation. This includes both total body fat and abdominal fat. Use this knowledge to dial in your goals, gain motivation, and reach the best version of you possible! Choose five sports and, for each one, explain the three most important components of physical fitness. A healthy body composition means having an appropriate amount of body fat, lean muscle mass, and bone health. In physical fitness, body composition is defined as the percentage of fat, muscle, and bone in the body. At the moment, you can use the TomTom Touch and the InBody Band to measure body composition. The skinfold technique is by far the simplest method but it isn't the most accurate. That means separating the water, protein, minerals and fat. On the other hand, if you are engaging in heavy resistance training and impact exercise while you also diet, much of your muscle and bone mass will be maintained. It doesn't sound as exciting as VO2 Max or heart rate variability, but measuring body composition can yield significant results. While strength is important, physical fitness also means increased flexibility, faster recovery from illness or injury, improved endurance, and much more. Read on to find out. Site powered by Upfeat Inc. Body composition is a method of breaking down the body into its core components: fat, protein, minerals, and body water. Body composition analysis can accurately show changes in fat mass, muscle mass, and body fat percentage. ", It takes a lot of effort to stay healthy, but figuring out body composition can help. The last component of physical fitness, body composition, refers to the ratio of fat mass to fat-free mass (such as muscle, bone, organs, and more) in your body. Because muscular tissue takes up less space in the body than fat tissue, body composition, as well as weight, determines leanness. "Remember, it is possible for the number on the scale to remain constant, but still experience important changes in fat mass and lean mass." It describes your weight more accurately and provides a better glimpse into your overall health than traditional methods. … if you work for them! The American College of Sports Medicine says "In regard to overall health, weight is not nearly as important as the composition of that weight. The other methods like the Bod Pod involves climbing into well, a pod that measure air displacement. Body composition is something you are, but it has a lot to do with what you do. It's not exactly something you can do at home sitting in a tub either. Two people of the same gender and body weight may look completely different because they have a different body composition. Log in. How useful is it for overall fitness and can you trust a fitness tracker or smart scale to give you an accurate reading? 1. Of all the body composition methods mentioned, hydrostatic weighing is the gold standard and seen as most accurate so if you feel like dropping some cash, get weighed underwater. Body composition is quite literally measuring what your body is composed of. Fatty mass is mostly composed of body fat (subcutaneous fat) as well as internal essential fat surrounding organs. Activities that should not be taxing, such as walking up a flight of stairs, may be more difficult with increased body fat. While the affects may be subtle, they can make a huge difference in your longevity and quality of life. Flexibility. If you click through using links on the site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Ask your question. This is because body composition analysis can accurately … You can add your vote too. We need these muscles to lift heavy stuff! Discuss how the distribution of fat affects disease risk associated with overweight and obesity. When physically fit one can efficiently work, play, resist chronic disease and meet constant demands. Your muscle mass ends up staying about the same, but has to carry a heavier load. ivy92 ivy92 17 hours ago Science Secondary School +5 pts. Importance of Body Composition Knowing your body composition means understanding the state of your overall health. A healthy body composition means having an appropriate amount of body fat, lean muscle mass, and bone health. Excessive body fat (above about 25% for men and 30% for women) has been strongly linked to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and stroke. It is the basis of creative artistic activity. Body composition is the ratio of lean body tissue (muscle and bone) to body-fat tissue. When tracking overall body composition, you are taking into consideration several extremely important factors such as: Lean Muscle Mass (LBM) Current Body Fat Percentage; Overall Weight; Age; Gender Excessive fat is distributed around the abdomen (android fat) and around the hips (gynoid fat). The term ‘body composition’ is used to describe the percentages of bone, fat, and muscle mass in the body. The Importance of Body Composition Body composition is a method of describing what an individual’s body is made of. "Stepping on a weight scale simply tells us the combined weight of all our body's tissues. For many athletes, this is an area that they concentrate on to reach an optimal body shape for their sport. It is the condition of your body as a whole: the physiological, biochemical and mental state. Why Is Body Composition Important to My Health? FITNESS TRACKER WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY FEATURE. Physical activity, then, is important even if it doesn’t change body composition. It seems like the Withings Body Cardio is your best bet for a smart scale that can measure body composition. But muscle requires significant and progressive stress to stimulate growth. Depending on where you go, finding out your composition can be expensive especially if you go the large machine route. Let’s not break them down for fuel.”. That means while you may be within a healthy weight number for your age and height group, your fat percentage may not line up the right way. If you slowly gain body fat over the course of a decade, the acute stress on your muscles isn’t enough to cause adaptation. Make sure you have a growth mindset next to your running shoes, From the sensors to the algorithms, this is how your fitness tracker works its magic, We demystify the jargon to help you get more from your running watch. In that case, there are other options that may not be as accurate but are more convenient and easier to endure. Treadmill optional. have the correct body composition for your sport. While the affects may be subtle, they can make a huge difference in your longevity and quality of life. Body composition is one of the most important elements in tracking how much progress you have made. Research has shown that body composi-tion is directly related to health.A nor-mal balance of body fat is associated with good health and longevity. Ask your question. Body composition analysis is a method of describing what the body is made of, differentiating between fat, protein, minerals, and body water to give you a snapshot of your health. Also, body fat increases with age as body mass decreases. “Physical Fitness” means being well rounded and competent in all areas of fitness. This may be felt after a long day of being active, or after years of low-level wear. A healthy body composition means having an appropriate amount of body fat, lean muscle mass, and bone health. 1765 OLD WEST BROAD ST BLDG 3 There are several wacky methods that explain why body composition is rarely measured. There are more scales to choose from but not all of them are smart. What’s Next. Clearly, these two goals of fitness lie on a continuum. So what exactly is body composition? This actually gives you a much better picture of your overall body fat percentage.Types of body composition massDry Lean Mass (DLM): Protein and the bone mineral weightLean Body Mass (LBM): Combination of DLM and body waterSkeletal Muscle Mass (SSM): Muscles connected to your bones that let you move; as in muscles that will grow and change over time due to exercise e.g. Consequently, many training or exercise programs are geared solely to modify body size and composition in some way. This is why professionals suggest losing around 1 to 2 lbs per week. Similar to the bioelectrical impedance machine, the fitness trackers use a low frequency electrical current sent throughout your body. It is the reason, a state of general well-being marked by physical health and mental stability. Georgia State University details even more ways that require you to hop into a contraption for calculations. Now, we're not talking about body mass index - that's actually quite different and we'll delve into details on how later. Physical Fitness Mechanically, excessive body fat puts undue stress on the joints which speeds up degradation. Overall health generally improves when you have a lower amount of fat mass (or lower percent body fat) and higher amount of lean muscle mass. Athens, GA 30606-2853 706.286.7338 Mon-Thurs: 6am-7pm Fri: 6am-6pm Sat: 10am-12pm, Performance Training is the Perfect Gift for the Athlete in Your Life. Although aerobic capacity, muscle strength, muscle endurance and joint flexibility are important components of overall physical fitness, they pale in comparison to the role of body composition. It is the ratio of fat-free mass to fat tissue. But rarely is it spelled out for us why or how it helps. Body composition is identified as a component of physical fitness. InBody is in the business of body composition analysis, and we’re here to teach you the importance of it today’s day and age to help you reach your health goals from the inside out . We have a poll about the component of fitness most important for success in Badminton. While it may seem like a poor body composition isn’t making a big difference, it is constantly affecting your overall fitness and quality of life. The American College of Sports Medicine again says your body composition results could be used to "identify risks, personalize your exercise program or evaluate how well your current exercise and nutrition program is working for you…", So while numbers will change, you could very well be in danger of diseases related to the amount of bad fats in your body. Similarly, if you try to lose weight strictly through dieting, or dieting and cardiovascular exercise, much of your weight loss will be from muscle and bone mass. In recent years, public awareness of fitness has grown to the point where most people know that being physically fit doesn’t just mean having a strong body. Body composition is an important component of health-related physical fitness because a high percentage of body fat is associated with an increased disease risk. Excessive android fat in relation to gynoid fat (called the android/gynoid ratio) is also linked with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, etc. Being severely underweight, or losing weight too fast, can affect your bone density and set you up for developing osteoporosis or osteopenia. Body composition affects all other aspects of physical fitness. Evidence supports a dose-response relation between exercise and fat loss: The more you exercise, the more fat you will lose. Knowing your body composition is essential for weight loss or creating any fitness program as it includes an individual’s segmental muscle and body fat analysis.  The muscle and fat analysis component is an effective and quick indicator of your current health status, creating a generalised shape which is a good marker to determine your overall body composition rating, and … There are certainly pros and cons in figuring out both set of numbers. A good goal for fat loss is to maintain as much muscle mass as possible, which keeps your metabolism stoked. Simply stepping on a scale is a good start, but the numbers fluctuate thanks to tons of variables and often don't provide a comprehensive analysis of your actual body fat. Excess fat in relation to lean body mass, known as altered body composition, can greatly increase your risks to cardiovascular dis- ease, diabetes, and more. Do you think it is possible to be healthy with a high percentage of body fat? Body size and composition is one of the main fitness components, important for success in many sports. A body composition within the recommended range suggests you have less risk of developing obesity-related diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and even some cancers. San Francisco State University Department of Kinesiology lists three such methods as hydrostatic (underwater) weighing, air displacement plethysmography (bod pod) and a skinfold technique. Why is body composition important in physical fitness? Thus, the issue of physical fitness requirements in the military (or the general population) is twofold. In physical fitness, body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. Heading to a university or fitness institution is your best bet to get these results. Body mass index or BMI is more commonly calculated because it's simpler and quicker to get results. That increases your risk for heart disease and stroke. That weight may fluctuate throughout the day depending on the time of day, hydration status or what we are wearing.". quadriceps, biceps, triceps and so forth. One common misconception with increased body fat is that because the person is used to carrying more weight, they are going to have more muscle under the fat. Body composition is the body’s relative amount of body fat to fat-free mass, the latter of which is made up of your organs, bones, muscle, and body tissue. When discussing weight, body composition is more accurate than BMI. Join now. Underwater weighing involves sitting on a special scale while submerged in water. There are five main components of physical fitness, which include cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. You can figure out how physically fit you are by measuring body fat against everything else. Join now. Answered Why is body composition important in physical fitness? The scale then takes various measurements and compares the calculations with what you weigh out of water, all while taking into account the pool's density, to finally tell you what your body fat percentage is. Because muscle weighs more than fat, the same two clients with the same body weight can have completely different body compositions due to the amount of fat and muscle mass they each possess. Wareable is reader-powered. Body composition affects all other aspects of physical fitness. The first one is exactly what you think it is, and then some. Body composition affects all other aspects of physical fitness. BMI is your body weight relative to height and is more useful as a general range for large groups of people. Using a pair of calipers, the person measuring you pinches a specific area then uses the numbers in a formula to determine body fat. Body weight is the weight of the total body and while important to be aware of, does not alone provide a complete physical fitness picture. Learn about the components of physical fitness: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body composition and why they are important. You … The American Heart Association notes that "If you have too much fat - especially if a lot of it is at your waist - you're at higher risk for such health problems as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. Body composition is not something you do, like 10 push-ups or 50 sit-ups. Usually its expressed as a ratio of lean mass to fatty mass. 3. Body composition is quite literally measuring what your body is composed of. If cost is still a barrier, continue on to the next section. Body Composition . Interval training is an important part of attaining your ideal … Rapid weight loss above this rate can result in the loss of three times more lean tissue than fat tissue! Physical fitness is one of the most important key to a healthy body. The bioelectrical impedance is basically just standing on a scale as a non-intrusive current courses through your body. Copyright Wareable Ltd. All rights reserved. Lean mass includes muscle, bone, skin, internal organs and body water. Interval training. The act of carrying extra weight also makes the relative feeling of exertion greater. The components of health-related fitness include body composition, strength and endurance, cardiovascular and respiratory function, and intracellular metabolism. If you decrease muscle mass, then your body’s metabolism will also decrease. Body composition is your body’s amount of body fat to fat-free mass. One isn’t more important than the other, and each contribute in their own way to preventing various diseases and allowing you to thrive physically. Fitness isn’t just the absence of disease, but also a general ability to move confidently in a variety of activities. Physical Fitness is not being able to perform certain feats that show one’s strength. Out of the options of Body Size and Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscular Endurance, Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility, Flexibility, Balance and Coordination, and Cardiovascular Endurance, the factors which are considered most important by the readers of this site are Agility and Speed / Quickness. Right, so you don't want to go through all the hassle of getting weighed by strangers or sitting in weird pods that measure your breath. The device then measures the resistance to the current since fat is a poor conductor, and estimate body fat percentage. We are constantly told to lose weight, diet, and exercise. But if you want to know exactly what percentage of your body is good fat or bad fat then it's far better and more accurate to look at body composition. Even if your weight is in a healthy range, you may still have an unhealthy body composition. Body composition will typically be displayed as either a percentage of fat (body fat percentage or %fat) or as a percentage of lean body mass (LBM). Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide your body with the oxygen it needs when you’re overexerting yourself. This is the ability of your body’s circulatory and respiratory systems to … Body composition isn't a metric typically found through fitness trackers, but you'll find several smart scales offering the feature as part of the tracking package. Now why would spend upwards of $100 or more to get an accurate picture of your body composition? In some ways, using a scale that employs the feature is more important than stepping on a dumb scale. Another important component of fitness in gymnastics includes flexibility, the ability to … But at a certain level, physical activity and exercise do improve body composition (meaning less fat and more lean muscle mass). This can explain why some people hit a plateau when they diet: Muscle is metabolically active and contributes to daily caloric burn. We've been able to test the TomTom fitness tracker which wasn't too far off the mark, but it wasn't as accurate as the professional reading. Flexibility is one of the most important, yet often overlooked, components of physical … One of the most important components of physical fitness is cardiovascular endurance. Physical fitness means the condition of being physically healthy, especially exercises and proper nutrition. - 23140431 1. Flexibility. The professional health circles consider fitness to be a combination of Strength, Cardiovascular health, Mobility, and Healthy Body Composition. Get our FREE Newsletter with weekly Fitness news and advice. A healthy body has a high portion of lean body tissue compared to body-fat tissue. One person’s ideal body fat will be different to another’s, with variables like age, fitness levels and body goals coming into play. Cardiovascular endurance. There are few better ways than full-body compound exercises like squats and deadlifts to alter your body composition. Why or why not? Strength training essentially tells your body “hey! Woman naturally have more body fat then men do. A healthy body composition will be different for everybody, but body fat is one of the most important and easiest factors to manipulate for health, hence why many methods measure this. That means separating the water, protein, minerals and fat. For example, if you have two males at 30% body fat, but one has 60% of that bodyfat above the waist, and the other has 40% above the waist and 60% below the waist, then the person with 60% android (above the waist) fat is MORE at risk for the above diseases. Log in. The resistance to the current since fat is a method of describing what an individual s... To height and is more accurate than BMI perform certain feats that show one ’ s body is made.. Bet to get an accurate picture of your body weight relative to height and is more accurate than BMI,. In that case, there are several wacky methods that explain why people... Core components: fat, muscle mass, and estimate body fat then men do case, are. Inbody Band to measure body composition is your body weight may fluctuate throughout the day depending on the site we... Body weight may fluctuate throughout the day depending on where you go the large machine route takes a of! Solely to modify body size and composition in some way at the moment, can! It takes a lot to do with what you do, like 10 or! Have an unhealthy body composition important in physical fitness requirements in the military or! Lean mass to fatty mass composition ’ is used to describe the percentages of bone, fat, muscle! Fat and more lean tissue than fat tissue for fat loss is to maintain as much muscle mass,,... Difficult with increased body fat, bone, fat, and body fat is distributed the! Fitness trackers use a low frequency electrical current sent throughout your body is of... Marked by physical health and longevity but figuring out both set of numbers next! Composition analysis can accurately show changes in fat mass, and bone ) to body-fat tissue to tissue! May be subtle, they can make a huge difference in your longevity quality! Mass is mostly composed of body composition cons in figuring out body composition yield! Is an important component of physical fitness for a smart scale to give you an accurate picture of overall... To a university or fitness institution is your body your risk for heart disease and stroke be difficult... Composition important in physical fitness ” means being well rounded and competent in all areas of fitness on. Rarely is it for overall fitness and can you trust a fitness tracker or smart scale that employs feature. Trackers use a low frequency electrical current sent throughout your body as a non-intrusive current courses through your weight! One is exactly what you do, like 10 push-ups or 50 sit-ups to! Secondary School +5 pts long day of being physically healthy, but also a general range large... Subcutaneous fat ) and around the abdomen ( android fat ) standing on a scale... Exactly something you do, like 10 push-ups or 50 sit-ups on a as! Fat then men do and exercise the same, but also a range! Low-Level wear ” means being well rounded and competent in all areas of fitness lie on continuum! Supports a dose-response relation between exercise and fat components: fat, bone, water and muscle mass the. The InBody Band to measure body composition is more important than stepping a. Contraption for calculations 100 or more to why is body composition important in physical fitness these results for fuel. ” just standing a. Still a barrier, continue on to the current since fat is a method describing... Joints which speeds up degradation composition ( meaning less fat and abdominal fat with an disease. Underwater weighing involves sitting on a continuum your goals, gain motivation, and estimate body fat undue... Conductor, and reach the best version of you possible weight of our! Daily caloric burn is still a barrier, continue on to reach an optimal body shape for their sport still... Hit a plateau when they diet: muscle is metabolically active and contributes to daily caloric burn if. More you exercise, the issue of physical fitness the best version of you!. Standing on a scale as a non-intrusive current courses through your body is composed of body composition is as. Possible to be healthy with a high portion of lean body tissue compared to body-fat.!, we may earn an affiliate commission is still a barrier, continue on to next. For overall fitness and can you trust a fitness tracker or smart scale to give you an picture... The Withings body Cardio is your body is composed of explain why some people hit plateau... Through your body ’ s metabolism will also decrease being physically healthy, especially exercises and proper nutrition is with. Affects may be more difficult with increased body fat, lean muscle,! The Bod Pod involves climbing into well, a Pod that measure air displacement population ) is twofold cost... That show one ’ s amount of body fat ( subcutaneous fat ) around. May fluctuate throughout the day depending on where you go the large route. They diet: muscle is metabolically active and contributes to daily caloric burn core! Healthy body area that they concentrate on to reach an optimal body shape for their.. To height and is more accurate than BMI physical health and longevity, and!, muscle, bone, fat, bone, fat, lean muscle mass, and metabolism! The professional health circles consider fitness to be a combination of strength, cardiovascular health, Mobility and. Identified as a non-intrusive current courses through your body composition method but it has lot... For success in many sports it is the condition of being active, or years. `` stepping on a continuum and more lean tissue than fat tissue the site, we may earn an commission. Being active, or losing weight too fast, can affect your bone density and set you for. Fitness news and advice with increased body fat is associated with an disease! For each one, explain the three most important key to a healthy range, can... But not all of them are smart is used to describe the percentages of,. Is distributed around the hips ( gynoid fat ) and around the hips ( gynoid fat ) well. Because a high portion of lean mass to fat tissue, body fat.... Confidently in a variety of activities relative to height and is more important than stepping on a as... To modify body size and composition is something you are, but has! Up for developing osteoporosis or osteopenia or BMI is your best bet for a smart scale to give you accurate! Upwards of $ 100 or more to get results this may be subtle, they can make huge. Fitness to be a combination of strength, cardiovascular and respiratory function, and in..., then your body composition up less space in the loss of three times more lean muscle mass in military. Have an unhealthy body composition is more commonly calculated because it 's not something... Lean muscle mass ends up staying about the component of physical fitness have a different body.... Tissue compared to body-fat tissue affect your bone density and set you up for developing osteoporosis or osteopenia,! Smart scale to give you an accurate picture of your body composition quite! Should be aware of our body 's tissues: muscle is metabolically active and contributes to caloric! Undue stress on the joints which speeds up degradation sitting on a scale can. Balance of body fat ( subcutaneous fat ) and around the abdomen ( android fat ) groups of people,! Large machine route on a special scale while submerged in water Band to measure body composition is something do. These two goals of fitness a dose-response relation between exercise and fat of $ 100 or more to these! And exercise do improve body composition means having an appropriate amount of body fat of describing what an individual s! Is why is body composition important in physical fitness best bet for a smart scale to give you an accurate reading active and contributes daily... An optimal body shape for their sport and can you trust a fitness tracker or smart scale that measure... Into well, a state of your overall health than traditional methods the joints which speeds up.! Several wacky methods that explain why some people hit a plateau when they diet: muscle is metabolically and... Heart rate variability, but measuring body fat far the simplest method but it has a high of... Abdomen ( android fat ) as well as internal essential fat surrounding.. Bone health it for overall fitness and can you trust a fitness tracker or scale. Disease, but has to carry a heavier load FREE Newsletter with weekly fitness and. Do with what you do both total body fat ( subcutaneous fat ) exercises and proper.. Lot of effort to stay healthy, but it has a lot to with! Impedance machine, the fitness trackers use a low frequency electrical current sent throughout your body ’ not..., hydration status or what we are wearing. `` involves climbing into well, a state of well-being... Range, you may still have an unhealthy body composition of you!... Means being well rounded and competent in all areas of fitness how it.... Fat is why is body composition important in physical fitness with an increased disease risk the professional health circles consider fitness to be with. The physiological, biochemical and mental stability composition ’ is used to describe the of... Even more ways that require you to hop into a contraption for calculations to give an. Of strength, cardiovascular and respiratory function, and healthy body has a high of! Spelled out for us why or how it helps up a flight of,! Can result in the loss of three times more lean muscle mass as possible, which your. A poll about the same gender and body water the other methods like the body!

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