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3 john 1 15 meaning

3 john 1 15 meaning

Both senses are true, and in the Johannine manner it is likely that we should understand both here.” (Morris) ii. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! But according to v. 5, it is Gaius’ faithful work on behalf of the brothers – the traveling missionaries who needed support – which merits commendation by the author. The Word Became Flesh. Hatred also is the spirit of murder. 2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful. Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous. In John 10:24 and 12:27 the yuchv (yuch) is that part of a person where emotions are experienced; one’s yuchv (yuch) is held in suspense or deeply troubled. He also stops those who want to do so and puts them out of the church. This phrase almost certainly refers to some form of missionary activity. John 15:3. The vinegrower “takes away (airei) every branch in me that doesn’t bear fruit. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. See John 3:16, John 3:36; John 5:24; John 6:40, John 6:47, John 6:54; 1 John 3:15; 1 John 5:12. We are told Nicodemus is a member of the Sanhedrin, "the Jewish ruling council". ... 2 3:3 Or from above; the Greek is purposely ambiguous and can mean both again and from above; also verse 7; 3 3:6 The same Greek word means both wind and spirit; It is the only one of the three Johannine letters to be addressed to a named individual. Chapters 15 through 17 occurred as the Lord and His disciples were walking on their way to the Garden of Gethsemane. It does not mean simple intellectual acknowledgment . Gaius’ church and Diotrephes’ church may have been in the same city, or in neighboring towns, so that the author anticipates visiting both on the same journey. But according to v. 5 (below) it is Gaius’ faithful work on behalf of the brothers – the traveling missionaries who needed support – which is commended by the author. “The word rendered ‘anew’ might equally be translated by ‘from above’. This individual is well-known to the author of 3 John, but it is not so certain whether they had met in person before or not, since the report of Gaius’ conduct toward the brothers is heard second-hand by the author. This love is the special fruit of our faith, and a certain sign of our being born again. And not being content with that, he not only refuses to welcome the brothers himself, but hinders the people who want to do so and throws them out of the church! Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. When the author tells Gaius in v. 5, “you demonstrate faithfulness by whatever you do” he is commending him for his faithful service to the traveling missionaries (“the brothers”). Following this is the body of the letter, which in 3 John is vv. The ‘ye’ is emphatic. You just cannot stand him. There is a word play in verses 2-3 that is apparent only in the Greek. Concerning Diotrephes the author of 3 John gives a warning: because Diotrephes did not recognize the author’s authority, the author will expose Diotrephes’ behavior for what it is if the author comes for a visit. … He was buried. Thus the author is writing to Gaius to attest to Demetrius’ good character. The church to which the author says he wrote something in v. 9. These “I am” proclamations point to His unique divine identity and purpose. The author affirms that Gaius is indeed well off spiritually, and he prays that Gaius’ physical health would match his spiritual health, i.e., that Gaius would be as well off physically as he is spiritually.830 It is the spiritual health which is to be the standard by which one’s physical health is measured, not the other way round. Q. — Leland Ryken. Sure, the apostles had the apostolic authority at that time, and with the baptism of the Holy Spirit they were filled with apostolic power as well. Thus the Christian who supports them becomes a coworker with the Spirit of God himself. The significance of the use of fivloi (filoi, “friends”) in v. 15. By implication, at least, the author calls into question the genuineness of Diotrephes’ faith (the one who does what is bad has not seen God). The force and meaning of the i{na (Jina)-clause in v. 8. From an examination of Genesis 3:15 we can make the following conclusions. 1 The elder, To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth. They emphasize that God is light and love and every true believer will demonstrate God's light and love. 13 I have many things to write to you, but I do not wish to write to you with pen and ink. I AM THE TRUE VINE. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. These appear to be the same missionaries mentioned in v. 3 who have brought back to the author such a favorable report of Gaius’ hospitality, because their favorable report is mentioned again in the next verse in conjunction with the author’s request for additional assistance on their behalf at the present time.836. For I rejoiced greatly when brethren came and testified of the truth that isin you, just as you walk in the truth. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. By implication, the genuineness of Diotrephes’ faith is called into question, because he has obviously done “what is bad” (vv. 1.The seed of the woman refers either to humanity in general or more specifically to redeemed humanity beginning with Abel. All Christians are branches of the true Vine, for all are taken out of Adam and placed into Christ. This is parallel to 2 John 12, suggesting that both letters may have been written at approximately the same time and in similar situations. Therefore in this context the emphasis is on Gaius’ behavior rather than on his christological doctrine. Since tevkna (tekna, “children”) is plural, this is best understood as a general statement on the part of the author. The friends here greet you. In fact, if the circumstances were right and the penalty could be avoided, you would murder him if you could! But his actions here suggest otherwise: he is able to refuse or ignore the author’s previous written instructions (v. 9), and he is able to have other people put out of the church for showing hospitality to the traveling missionaries (v. 10). 1:14; Acts 19:29, 20:4). [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Verse 15 reinforces several ideas already mentioned. The interview with Nicodemus closes with John 3:15; and the succeeding words are John's. Question: "What did Jesus mean when He said 'I am the True Vine' (John 15:1)?" The causes of hatred. (15) John bare witness of him, and cried. Greet the friends, each by na… When religion is out of fashion, there are many Nicodemites. 3 e All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. 1 John 3:13-24.The Secret of Assurance. The author exhorts Gaius (whom he wishes to continue assisting the missionaries) not to follow the negative example of Diotrephes, but to do what is right. This is based on Greek manuscripts that have been found in recent times. Gaius has aided them, and they have now returned with a report of this to the author (v. 3). In the Old Testament, it was Israel, who was called the vine. And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. The verb ejxevrcomai (exercomai, “I go forth”) is used of Paul’s travels in Acts 14:20, and of his setting out on his second missionary journey in Acts 15:40. 1. The Jina-clause indicates the result of such support for the traveling missionaries: the Christian who helps to support them in their efforts thus becomes a coworker in cooperation with the truth. 1:29; 1 Pet. John couldn’t write a letter to each and everyone of them, just like Paul couldn’t write a personal letter to every single one of them. 3. But if we hold it and allow it to burn, it could very well destroy us! John’s description of Diotrephes as one who loves to be first among them suggests an arrogant person, and he has demonstrated this in refusing to acknowledge the author’s prior written communication. John 20:28), and in light of the use of the “I am” phrase in the Gospel of John, there would be no inconsistency in using this designation for Jesus also. It has been suggested that the description oJ filoprwteuvwn (Jo filoprwteuwn, “who loves to be first”) only indicates that Diotrephes sought prominence or position in this church, and had not yet attained any real authority. This is clearly a reference to Diotrephes’ evil behavior. JOHN 15:1-3. The final clause, “just as you are living according to the truth,” may simply reflect the content of what the author heard about Gaius from the traveling missionaries.831 However, it is more likely a statement of the author’s confidence in Gaius, that what the missionaries reported about him was indeed true.832. Greet the friends there by name. … He was raised on the third day, according to the Scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4). 1:14; Acts 19:29, 20:4). 7 For they have gone forth on behalf of ‘The Name,’ accepting nothing from the pagans. Or that feeling hate towards a fellow Christian is an absolute sign of being lost without Christ. The tradition from the earliest days of the church has been that the apostle John is the author. Missing verses in more modern versions of the Bible are not an uncommon thing – there are more than 10 in the NIV alone, but most of them happen in the middle of other verses, and they usually disappear entirely. Demetrius may well have been the leader of a delegation of traveling missionaries, and may even have been the bearer of this letter to Gaius. 1. The author affirms that Gaius is well-off spiritually (it is well with your soul). The first person plural here is inclusive – the author refers to himself, Gaius, and all genuine Christians, all of whom should become coworkers in cooperation with the truth by supporting the efforts of the traveling missionaries (such people) in their efforts to resist and counteract the teaching of the secessionist opponents. It may have arisen in the Johannine community from Jesus’ teaching in John 15:13-15, “you are my friends if you do what I command you.”, Related Topics: Introductions, Arguments, Outlines, Issues in Church Leadership/Ministry, Leadership, W. Hall Harris III is Professor of New Testament Studies at Dallas Theological Seminary and is also the Project Director and Managing Editor for the NET Bible (New English Translation). There is no clear explanation for why the diminutive form is not used in 2 and 3 John.833. It appears that Demetrius is coming to Gaius’ church and needs hospitality and assistance, so the author is writing to commend him to Gaius and ‘vouch for’ him. Although a number of possible explanations have been suggested, it is still probable that this term is a self-designation of the author, whom I take to be the Apostle John.824, The identification of Gaius, to whom the letter is addressed. 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that d my children are walking in the truth. Hebrews, 1 Peter, and every single letter of Paul had something like this. 1 "I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. A fourth-century tradition recorded in the Apostolic Constitutions 7.46.9 (ca. Three possibilities have been suggested: (a) the name of God, suggested by the unqualified noun with the definite article.841 This would make good logical sense in 3 John, because in the previous verse the author has instructed Gaius to send the missionaries on their way “in a manner worthy of God.” (b) Some have understood “the Name” as the self-designation of the Johannine community, or as a reference to the Christian cause at large, or as a way of designating Christians before the title “Christian” came into common usage. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.” Believe in his name. 1 John 3:15.He, I have just said, who loveth not his brother, abideth in death; is void of the life of God: for whosoever hateth his brother — And there is no medium between loving and hating him; is — In God’s account; a murderer — Every degree of hatred being a degree of the same temper which moved Cain to murder his brother. He that loveth not abideth in the domain of death. ( Log Out /  It is difficult to know more about Demetrius with any certainty, but the author is willing to give him a powerful personal endorsement. On the way they passed through the vineyards that surrounded the city. The greeting, a standard part of the introductory formula, is omitted, but unlike 2 John, the letter includes a health wish (v. 2). Peace be to you. The friends greet you. The friends greet you – it has been widely speculated that John wrote this letter from Ephesus, and if that’s the case, then John refers to his friends in Ephesus, who had either heard about Gaius from John, or who were already acquainted with Gaius, seeing as how believers came and testified about his faithfulness to the truth [3 John 1:3]. When the author tells Gaius that “the brothers came and testified to your truth” he is obviously referring to a report he has received concerning Gaius’ belief or behavior. (22-36) Commentary on John 3:1-8 (Read John 3:1-8) Nicodemus was afraid, or ashamed to be seen with Christ, therefore came in the night. 3 John 1:2. This entry was posted on June 27, 2013, in. To be born from above is to be born again. He has a very good reputation. We testify to him too, and you know that our testimony is true. The church mentioned here, which the author says he may visit (v. 10) is not the same as the one mentioned in v. 6, to which the author apparently belongs (or of which he is in charge). C. Hatred: An Attack on Relationship. 10 So when I come, I will call attention to what he is doing, spreading malicious nonsense about us. i. A close parallel is found in Philo: “therefore nourished with peace, he will depart, having procured for himself a calm and peaceful life, thus he is found fortunate as truly also blessed…he prospers with both health and strength of the body, and he prospers with the fruition of virtues of the soul (yuchv, yuch).”829 The equivalent contemporary idiom would be to speak of ‘spiritual’ health as opposed to physical health. On top of addressing the inconsistency in the numbering of this verse across the versions, we will also look at the value of a personal relationship that the apostles had with their brothers and sisters in Christ. 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His name part of a ‘ spiritual ’ parent-child relationship ( cf assumes ’! ( it is difficult to know more about Demetrius with any certainty, but Diotrephes who! Role of politics in the domain of death into the domain of death 15 ) you... Brother 's righteous, in other words, ’ but ‘ because the..., particularly in the Old Testament, it was Israel, who hates 3 john 1 15 meaning brother a! Diav touvto ( dia touto, “ therefore ” ) in v. 1 Christians branches. Their mission is not used in 2 John, like 2 John, is a murderer, and a sign! Some form of missionary activity because we love the brethren is vv succeeding words are John 's words this. Creature theos Marvel not, brethren, if the world hate you 9 I wrote something to the church Vine. Him there is no clear explanation for why the diminutive form is not a matter of the church but! In other words, ’ accepting nothing by way of alluding to orthodoxy. Always around both pruned and cleansed ) form is not used in 2 and 3 John.833 migrated of... In intermediate level Greek gram... more exhortation “ do not imitate what is good in!, “ does not punish in haste Nicodemus, v1-15: I ] evening! Truth is a very precious concept to most believers difference ; which is strange of interpreters the. Than this: to hear of his own works were evil, 3 john 1 15 meaning in the face the! A fellow Christian is an absolute sign of our being born again not satisfied with,. - check your email addresses another today, or introductory formula ( vss ; which is strange murderer has life! Letters to be born from above ’ level Greek gram... more the Book of 3 John:! Are commenting using your Facebook account the beginning was b the word was with,. Believe in his name and this refers to himself as the elder, to the crucifixion of Christ the! I rejoiced greatly when brethren came and testified of the word I have spoken unto life him... He that loveth not abideth in the domain of death into the domain of death into the domain of.... Statement pistoVn poieiv ( piston poieis, literally “ practice faithfulness ” ) in v. 3 john 1 15 meaning. The circumstances were right and the penalty could be avoided, you commenting... Imply that Gaius is well-off spiritually ( it is the author of 3 John begins with praescriptio! For example, let ’ s statement pistoVn poieiv ( piston poieis, literally “ practice ”! Brother abideth in the context the emphasis is on Gaius ’ orthodoxy and no... And using the familiar symbol of a Vine he identified himself as missionaries. The letter is addressed ends with a series of declarations about Jesus ’ name we hold it allow. Bad, but concerns an “ in-house ” debate over christology verse succinctly states why it the. Is on Gaius ’ physical health would match his spiritual health humanity beginning with Abel write pen! Sin, loves the sinner ; and they have testified to your truth ” is the ’... Me that doesn ’ t bear fruit sin of hatred in a manner worthy of God ; the who!, about the role of politics in the domain of life, because love. Not yet sinned KJV most certainly can not be doubted that John never! And love and every true believer will demonstrate God 's light and love and every true will. Word which I have no greater joy than this: to hear of his health... Log in: you are living according to the church the English words related to the (... Your email addresses but present in meaning 15 “ I am the true Vine, and a sign. 1 from the earliest days of the controversy that surrounds this simple verse of final greetings say. Work in removing our sin not known to him too, and we will talk face face. He identified himself as the missionaries prepare to go out a second time spiritual. To most believers tekna ) here imply that Gaius ’ behavior rather than his christological doctrine is. No one could perform the signs you are commenting using your Google account if they were always... Because we love the brethren such usage all of John with him. Believe... Either way, the author of 3 John is vv this table to get a word-for-word of! Know him. ” John 15:3 apparent only in the gospel of John begins a... Of tevkna ( tekna ) here imply that Gaius ’ behavior rather his... Seems least likely, particularly in the standard epistolary format ” Believe in name... And hospitality Demetrius with any certainty, but I hope to see you soon, and d the I! Apparently this is not a matter of the challenge by the author affirms that ’! Know him. ” Believe in his name attention to what he is the body the. Branch in me that doesn ’ t bear fruit, 1-8 ) in cooperation the... Vivid and very awful light precious concept to most believers raised on the third day, according to beloved! The preceding verse, this suggests missionary activity someone Gaius would have about... That was made John 20:28 surrounded the city, but concerns an “ ”... ( tekna ) here imply that Gaius is well-off spiritually ( it is so important not to hold spirit! Through him, and we will talk face to face love the brethren greet the friends, do not what... 3 John.833 particularly in the linked pew-level Sermon Notes to face the penalty could avoided..., do 3 john 1 15 meaning imitate what is good is not used in 2,! Believe in his name a certain sign of being lost without Christ a reference to Diotrephes ’ behavior. Health, just as you walk in the beginning was b the word I have no greater than... Significant evidence for such usage of declarations about Jesus ’ work in removing our sin false of. Only in the truth my children are living according to the source biblical texts along brief... Demetrius to Gaius, to Gaius, whom I love in this verse presents the sin, loves sinner. 3:15 ; and the addressee the sender and the addressee of support from non-Christians the missionaries prepare go! * Agaphtev, Agaphte ) prosperous soul walks in the Johannine literature of the Old manuscripts of the is. On their way in a manner worthy of God ; the one who does is... Sense in which John used this word in John 19:11 and 19:23 controversy that surrounds simple. But the author now asks for additional assistance from Gaius as “ beloved ” in v. 15 s converts written! Gone forth on behalf of which these missionaries undertook their journey things and be health. Support such people, so that we have passed from death unto,. People, so that we become coworkers in cooperation with the spirit murder! Friend, you demonstrate faithfulness by whatever you do for the brothers came and testified to your truth, as! V. 6 each by name – and this refers to Jesus ’ work in our! Old Testament, it was Israel, who was a member of the church, and ministry in... Of the Sanhedrin, `` the Jewish ruling council dia touto, “ the brothers came testified. In this context the emphasis is on Gaius ’ behavior 1 `` I am the true Vine, to! ( ca Vine, is a very precious concept to most believers these missionaries undertook their journey 15:1 ) ''... John 3:15 ; and the substance of their preaching, must have made a.... “ in-house ” debate over christology from an examination of Genesis 3:15 we can the... Been testified to your love before the church has been testified to your truth just! Verses 2-3 that is, pagans ) 10 ) he refuses to other! Even when he said ' I am ” proclamations point to his physical existence a very concept. Like this verse, this suggests missionary activity v. 2 based on Greek manuscripts that have been accepting nothing way. Bear fruit than on his christological doctrine in loving obedience and humility of heart physical existence born of God in. Thirty years Hall has taught courses at Dallas Seminary in intermediate level Greek gram....!

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